[Updated on 14 April 2018 with additional details related to Michael Cohen, the personal lawyer of Donald Trump.]
- On 19 July 2017, the Senate Intelligence and Judiciary committees sent written requests to Jared Kushner, Paul Manafort and Donald Trump, Jr. for “all communications to, from or copied” from over 40 names.
- The list of names reflects the complexity of the Senate’s investigation and points to two clear areas of inquiry.
- The June 2016 meeting with the three men, a Russian lawyer and at least four others.
- Multiple allegations which involve Russian government agents, Trump campaign people, Russian corporations and others as reported in the Christopher Steele dossier.
- The committees are also looking at Kremlin officials and others under the influence of Putin and their contacts, if any, with the three men.
- By the deadline of 4 August 2017, the committees had received thousands of pages of documents from the three men.
Below is a key to the persons and entities named in the Senate inquiries with links to more detailed information. (See Senate Judiciary letters to Paul Manafort below) These are arranged by subject matter, though many characters overlap.
The June 2016 Meeting at Trump Tower
ARAS AGALAROV: Azerbaijani-Russian oligarch; father of Emin Agalarov, friend of the Trump family; connected to Vladimir Putin. Involved in the June 2016 meeting. Sponsor of the Trump Miss Universe pageant in Moscow. Founder and president of the Crocus Group, a real estate development company. Mentioned in the Steele dossier.
The Agalarovs are identified in the Simpson testimony as “central figures in the Trump-Russia relationship,” and their involvement in arranging the June meeting indicated to Simpson that they were acting at the behest of the Russian government (pp. 47-48).
EMIN AGALAROV: Russian pop star and friend of the Trump family; his PR is managed by Ron Goldstone; son of tycoon Aras Agalarov; involved in arranging the June 2016 meeting. Emin and his father lunched with Donald Trump in 2013 at the Moscow Ritz Carlton; he claimed in a tweet to know what occurred in the hotel room via a tweet shortly after Trump’s election. More here and here.
RINAT AKHMETSHIN: Russian-American lobbyist, present during the June 2016 meeting; former intelligence agent in the Soviet army. Identified by Glenn Simpson as a former writer for the Wall Street Journal who also worked on the Prevezon litigation with Veselnitskaya (p, 137-8). More here and here.
ROB GOLDSTONE: English publicist and friend of the Trump family who arranged the June 2016 rendezvous with Russian lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya, Donald Trump Jr., Paul Manafort and Jared Kushner. Represents Emin Agalarov. Operates a PR company called Oui 2 Entertainment. Served as a judge in Trump’s 2013 Miss Universe pageant. More here and here.
IRAKLY KAVELADZE: The eighth person in the room during the June 2016 meeting; U.S. citizen born in the former Soviet Georgia, VP of Crocus, the Agalarov business; reportedly a key player in a Russian money-laundering scheme.
ANATOLI SAMOCHORNOV: The translator for Natalia Veselnitskaya during the June 2016 meeting; ex-State Department contractor. More here.
NATALIA VESELNITSKAYA: Moscow attorney present at the June 2016 meet-up where she reportedly left a folder with “dirt” on Hillary Clinton for the Trump trio. Strong supporter of Putin; headed up a pro-Russian lobbying effort attacking the Magnitsky Act in the US.
Described in the Simpson testimony (pp. 118-122) specifically regarding the Prevezon trial and the June meeting. Simpson worked as a researcher for the law firm Baker-Hofstetler where Veselnitskaya was an attorney (p. 132-137).
The Steele Dossier Mentions
CHRISTOPHER STEELE: Former intelligence agent with UK’s M16 agency who was contracted Fusion GPS to compile opposition research on then-candidate Donald Trump. The resulting dossier alleges an active campaign by Putin to damage Hillary Clinton and install Trump as president. More here, here and here.
ALFA GROUP: Includes Alfa Bank, the largest privately owned bank in Russia; controlled by Mikhail Fridman. An article in Slate by Franklin Foer reported on an unusual configuration between a server in Trump Tower which “appeared to communicate almost exclusively with two servers registered to Alfa Bank in Moscow.” Mentioned in the Steele dossier, though misspelled. More here and here.
ANDREI BONDAREV: Russian diplomat who replaced Mikhail Kalugin in Washington, DC according to this source.
MICHAEL COHEN: Trump’s longtime personal lawyer mentioned in the Steele dossier as the go-between for Kremlin officials and the Trump campaign.
On 9 April 2018, the FBI used a search warrant to procure documents, recordings and other material at Cohen’s office, home and hotel following months of criminal investigation.
Days later, news broke that the Mueller team has proof that Cohen visited Prague in the summer of 2016 as alleged in the STEELE dossier.
Cohen has also been investigated by the House and Senate Intelligence Committees and the FBI.
Cohen emerged as a key figure negotiating hush contracts with various women to silence their alleged sexual affairs with Donald Trump as well as a GOP fund raiser.
Cohen is discussed in Simpson’s testimony at length. He speaks Russian and his father was Ukranian.
IGOR DIVYEKIN: Mentioned in the Steele dossier as one of two Kremlin officials who secretly met with Carter Page in Moscow in July 2016 during which the subject of kompromat on then-candidates Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton was broached. Divyekin, a top Kremlin official, also talked about “issues of future bilateral energy cooperation and prospects for an associated move to lift Ukraine-related western sanctions against Russia,” according to the dossier. More here and here.
MIKHAIL FRIDMAN: Co-founder and largest stakeholder of the Alfa Group and founder of LetterOne; Ukranian-Russian billionaire and business magnate with Israeli citizenship and ties to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. More here, here and here.
OLEG GOVORUN: Named in the Steele dossier as an intermediary who communicates with executives of Alfa Bank and the Russian government. Govorun is minister of regional development for Russia. More here.
ALEKSEJ GUBAREV: Former Soviet cosmonaut who operates Webzilla, a web hosting company; CEO of XBT Holdings; mentioned in the Steele dossier. Gubarev is suing BuzzFeed News for publishing the dossier. More here and here.
SERGEI IVANOV: Putin‘s longtime ally and former chief of staff. He and Putin worked together in the FSB. Mentioned many times in the Steele dossier. In August 2016, he is portrayed as angry about the Kremlin’s clandestine operation to smear Hillary Clinton, particularly about the release of a Clinton advisor’s email via Wikileaks. Putin fired Ivanov that same month. More here and here.
MIKHAIL KALUGIN: Russian diplomat working in Washington, DC who was under scrutiny as a spy working to alter the 2016 US election. Mentioned in the Steele dossier though his name was misspelled. More here and here.
GERMAN KHAN: Ukranian billionaire. Co-founder of Alfa Group and major shareholder with Fridman‘s LetterOne. Has dual Israeli citizenship and ties to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. More here and here.
SERGEI MILLIAN: Born in Belarus and now an American citizen and head of the Russian-American Chamber of Commerce, Millian is widely believed to be “Source D” mentioned in the Steele dossier. Source D claimed to be present at the Moscow Ritz Carlton where Trump’s sexual peccadilloes took place, which is the alleged kompromat held on him by Putin.
Millian is mentioned in Glenn Simpson’s House testimony. His real name is Siarhel Kukuts and is a possible agent for Russian intel services through the Russian-American Chamber of Commerce. He also was a Trump friend and an intermediary, selling millions of dollars of Trump real estate to Russians. Millian is also connected to Michael Cohen. More here and here.
JILL STEIN: American citizen and 2016 Green Party presidential candidate mentioned in the Steele dossier as part of the Kremlin strategy to draw primary votes away from Hillary Clinton. Invited to Moscow and sat at the head table with President Putin along with Micheal Flynn and the Kremlin’s upper echelon. More here and here.
RITZ CARLTON MOSCOW HOTEL: Site of the alleged “golden showers” taped episode with Donald Trump and Putin-supplied prostitutes, leading to the Kremlin’s blackmail material. According to the the Steele dossier, there was at least one witness: “Source D” believed to be Sergei Millian. Emin Agalarov, who dined with Trump at the hotel, also implied he was a witness. More here, here and here.
OLEG SOLUDUKHIN: “Russian official for Rossotrudnichestvo, an external arm of the Russian foreign ministry in Prague,” who allegedly met with Trump lawyer Michael Cohen in the fall of 2016. Mentioned in the Christopher Steele dossier. More here and here.
XBT HOLDINGS S.A.: a global internet hosting company run by Gubarev. More here.
The Putin Circle
SERGEI KIRIYENKO: Head of domestic policy in the Russian Federation, formerly head of Russia’s nuclear power agency, and former prime minister; longtime friend of Vladimir Putin who introduced Putin to the Russians when he was an unknown KGB agent. More here and here.
SERGEI KISLYAK: Putin’s Ambassador who reportedly had multiple, secret contacts with members of the Trump campaign team, including Mike Pence, Jeff Sessions, Jared Kushner and conversed with Michael Flynn after the election about easing or removing the sanctions put in place by President Obama as a result of the Kremlin’s interference in the election. More here, here and here.
SERGEY LAVROV: Russia’s Foreign Minister and one of Putin’s most vocal representatives. In May 2017, Lavrov was invited to the White House by Trump along with Sergei Kislyak for a closed-door meeting, covered by the Russian-state press only. Mentioned in passing in the Steele dossier as a possible casualty should the Kremlin’s undermining of the presidential election backfire. More here and here.
DMITRY MEDVEDEV: Putin’s hand-selected, stand-in Russian president who served during Putin’s term limit restriction from 2008-2012. Current Prime Minister and Putin mouthpiece who publicly berated Trump after Congress enacted sanctions against Russia. More here and here.
The Trump administration has shown its total weakness by handing over executive power to Congress in the most humiliating way
— Dmitry Medvedev (@MedvedevRussiaE) August 2, 2017
VLADIMIR PUTIN: President of the Russian Federation implicated in a clandestine effort to alter the 2016 presidential election in favor of Donald Trump.
ROSNEFT: the Russian state-controlled oil and gas producer from which Putin derives his immense wealth. Igor Sechin is its chief executive. Multiple sanctions on the Moscow-based company have been levied by the Obama administration, Western countries and most recently by the US Congress. More here and here.
IGOR SECHIN: Russian oligarch and close ally of Putin; top executive at Rosneft, Russia’s largest oil company. Following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the US and Europe levied sanctions against Rosneft and four other big energy companies. More here and here.
YURI USHAKOV: Longstanding foreign affairs advisor and spokesman for Putin. More here.
VIKTOR YANUKOVYCH: The Putin-backed president of Ukraine, ousted from office and now on trial for treason in Kiev. Following his ouster, he fled to Russia where he has safe haven with Putin. Yanukovych owes his office partly to the efforts of Paul Manafort and Tad Devine, the chief of staff for Bernie Sanders during his primary run. More here.
The Trump Campaign
MICHAEL FLYNN: The Trump Administration’s National Security Advisor who was forced to resign after news sources revealed he’d been in secret contact with various Kremlin officials. The then-Attorney General Sally Yates notified the White House ethics lawyer that Flynn was in danger of compromise by the Russian government but it took another two weeks before Flynn was forced out. Under scrutiny by multiple US entities, Flynn tried to get immunity for his testimony but apparently was unsuccessful. More here, here and here.
COREY LEWANDOWSKI: Trump’s divisive campaign manager fired from his job; hired as a political commentator at CNN and then resigned, thinking he would have a position in the Trump Administration. After CNN, Lewandowski worked for a short time with the One America network before being fired. More here, here and here.
PAUL MANAFORT: Trump’s ousted campaign manager whose home was raided by the FBI on 26 July 2017 in the first such federal warrant of Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation. Manafort’s work for Yanukovych, the ousted, Putin-backed president of Ukraine, has cast him under FBI investigation for possible money laundering and other offenses. In attendance at the June 2016 meeting. Manafort belatedly registered as a foreign agent in June 2017. More here, here, here and here.
CARTER PAGE: Trump’s “foreign policy advisor” who was subsequently fired when allegations arose concerning his contacts with Russian officials. Described in the Steele dossier as having met with Igor Sechin and Igor Divyekin. One of the first of Trump’s team to be extensively questioned by the FBI in March 2017 and reportedly surveilled with a FISA court order in the summer of 2016. More here and here.